Most all of the copper
flowers depicted in these photos were on wooden bases.
The bases were either pine or fir and they were lightly
burned with the torch, rubbed down with a cloth, and
sprayed with clear acrylic. Unfortunately, the photos
are so degraded that the nice (and quick) finish this
technique gave the wood is not visible.
Most of the copper
flowers and leaves were cut by hand with compound snips
from sheet copper made for roofing. The blooms were
usually cut using a cardboard pattern I had made, and
the leaves were usually cut free-hand to suit the piece.
The cut copper shapes were then carefully melted along
the edges to provide texture. The leaves were usually
left with the heat discolorations to mute the copper,
and the flower blooms were usually colored red by an
acid dip and heat. The stems were made from yellow,
brazing-bronze wire of appropriate diameter to the
Some of the flowers shown
have blooms made using a high-copper bronze scrap from
the local zipper factory. These scraps and others that I
have no pictures of provided inspiration for the shapes
into which they were formed.
A small copper disk was
usually used at the bottom of the flower with a short
piece of rod on the bottom to go into a hole in the
base. The stems were brazed to the copper disk, but the
high heat-conductance of the copper made it necessary to
silver-solder the leaves. The lower heat requirement of
the silver solder allowed the leaves to be attached
without the stem connections being re-melted.
These are but a few of
the designs I produced over the years.